【LeetCode with Python】 112. Path Sum

题目

原题页面:https://leetcode.com/problems/path-sum/
本文地址:http://leetcode.xnerv.wang/path-sum/
题目类型:Tree, Depth-first Search
难度评价:Easy
类似题目:(M) Path Sum II, (H) Binary Tree Maximum Path Sum, (M) Sum Root to Leaf Numbers

Given a binary tree and a sum, determine if the tree has a root-to-leaf path such that adding up all the values along the path equals the given sum.

For example:
Given the below binary tree and sum = 22,

5
/ \
4 8
/ / \
11 13 4
/ \ \
7 2 1

return true, as there exist a root-to-leaf path 5->4->11->2 which sum is 22.


分析

简单的递归算法。但是注意一点,当树为空树时,无论sum是多少都一定要返回False,即使此时sum为0。另外因为只要确定有解即可,因此如果某次迭代发现left已经找到解,那么就不需要再去右子树中寻找解。
但是,因为可能有负数出现,所以不能因为path sum已经大于指定sum值就认为该分支可以被剪除。


代码

class Solution:

    def doHasPathSum(self, root, total, sum):
        if None == root.left and None == root.right:
            return sum == (total + root.val)

        left= False
        right = False
        if None != root.left:
            left = self.doHasPathSum(root.left, total + root.val, sum)
        if False != left and None != root.right:     # pruning
            right = self.doHasPathSum(root.right, total + root.val, sum)
        return left or right

    # @param root, a tree node
    # @param sum, an integer
    # @return a boolean
    def hasPathSum(self, root, sum):
        if None == root:
            return False ###
        return self.doHasPathSum(root, 0, sum)

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